Chapter 1 - notes


1. Compare Lemley, M, 'Place and cyberspace' (2003) 91 Calif LR 521 (Lexis).


2. Eg McKendrick, E, 'Computers and the Law - New principles or the same principles in a different context?'(SCL lecture 22 September 2004); Kohl, U, 'Legal reasoning and legal change in the age of the Internet - Why the ground rules are still valid' (1999) 7 IJLIT 123 (Lexis).

3. Compare Savirimuthu, J, 'Code, Hybrid Models of Consent and the Electronic Commerce (EC Directive) Regulations 2002' [2004] 2 JILT.

4. Katyal, N, 'Criminal law in cyberspace' (2001) 149 U Penn LR 1003 (Lexis).

5. Eg Brenner, S, 'Distributed Security: Moving Away from Reactive Law Enforcement' (2005) 9 IJLCP 11 (Lexis).

6. Below, ch 2.

7. Eg Easterbrook, F, 'Cyberspace and the Law of the Horse' [1996] U Chi LF 207 (Lexis); Sommer, J, 'Against Cyberlaw' (2000) 15 BTLJ. Compare Lessig, L, 'The law of the horse: What cyberlaw might teach' (1999) 113 Harv LR 501.


8. Below, pp 191ff.

9. Compare McIntyre-O'Brien, R, 'Is there such a thing as Cyberlaw'? (2003) 11 ISLR 118.


10. See below, p 169.

11. See especially Barlow, J, 'A Declaration of the Independence of Cyberspace' (8 February 1996); for one reply to it see Bomse, A, 'The dependence of cyberspace' (2001) 50 Duke LJ 1717 (Lexis).

12. For discussion see Rowland, R, 'Cyberspace - A Contemporary Utopia?' [1998] 3 JILT.

13. 'Netiquette Guidelines' (RFC 1855, October 1995).


14. Geist, M, 'Cyberlaw 2.0' (2003) 44 BCLR 323.

15. Principality of Sealand home page; see also HavenCo home page. For discussion see Geltzer, J, 'The New Pirates of the Caribbean: How Data Havens Can Provide Safe Harbors on the Internet Beyond Governmental Reach' (2004) 10 SJLTA 433 (Lexis).

16. Mostyn, M, 'The need for regulating anonymous remailers' (2000) 14 IRLCT 79 (Taylor and Francis); du Pont, G, 'The Criminalization of True Anonymity in Cyberspace' (2001) 7 MTTLR 191.

17. Eg Johnson, D, Crawford, S, and Palfrey, J, 'The Accountable Net: Peer Production of Internet Governance' (SSRN, May 2004); Cannataci, J and Bonnici, J, 'Can self-regulation satisfy the transnational requisite of successful Internet regulation?' (2003) 17 IRLCT 51 (Taylor and Francis).


18. Lessig, L, Code and other laws of cyberspace, 1999, New York: Basic Books. For reaction and criticism see Chenwei, Z, 'In Code, We Trust? Regulation and Emancipation in Cyberspace' (2004) 1 SCRIPT-ed 617; Kesan, J and Shah, R, 'Deconstructing code' (2003) 6 YJLT 297 (Lexis); Wu, T, 'When code isn't law' (2003) 89 Va LR 670 (Lexis); Katyal, N, 'Digital Architecture as Crime Control' (2003) 112 Yale LJ 2261 (Lexis).

19. Katyal, S, 'The New Surveillance' (2003) 54 CWRULR 297 (Lexis). On DRM see below p 60.

20. See Protocols according to layers.


21. Solum, L and Chung, M, 'The Layers Principle: Internet Architecture and the Law' (2004) 79 NDLR 815 (Lexis).

22. Post, D, 'Anarchy, State, and the Internet: An Essay on Law-Making in Cyberspace' [1995] 3 JOL.

23. See eg Endeshaw, A, 'Internet regulation in China: The never-ending Cat and Mouse game' (2004) 13 ICTL 41 (Taylor and Francis); 'Chinese whispers' [2004] NS (27 Nov) 40 (New Scientist).


24. See generally below, p 165.

25. See below, p 175.

26. See Clipper chip (Wikipedia).

27. 'So farewell then, Intel PSN' Register 4 March 2000; Dery, G and Fox, J, 'Chipping away at the Boundaries of Privacy' (2000) 17 GSULR 331 (Lexis).

28. 'MS Trusted Computing back to drawing board' Register 6 May 2004; Anderson, R, '"Trusted Computing" - Frequently Asked Questions' (August 2003).

29. On DRM see below, p 60.


30. Below, p 140. See Mann, R and Belzley, S, 'The promise of Internet intermediary liability' (SSRN, April 2005).

31. See Brenner, S, 'Toward a Criminal Law for Cyberspace: A New Model of Law Enforcement?' (2004) 30 RCTLJ 1 (Lexis); contrast Kerr, O, 'Virtual Crime, Virtual Deterrence: A Skeptical View of Self-Help, Architecture, and Civil Liability' (SSRN, October 2004).

32. Below, ch 5.

33. For discussion of intra-family conflict see 'Families fight over PCs shock' Register 26 November 2004.


34. See eg Cox, N, 'The regulation of cyberspace and the loss of national sovereignty' (2002) 11 ICTL 241 (Taylor and Francis); Hedley, S, 'Nations, markets and other imaginary places: Who makes the law in cyberspace?' (2003) 12 ICTL 215 (Taylor and Francis).

35. See eg Cox, N, 'The extraterritorial enforcement of consumer legislation and the challenge of the Internet' (2004) 8 Edin LR 60.

36. See eg Trachtman, J, 'Global Cyberterrorism, Jurisdiction, and International Organization' (SSRN, July 2004).

37. Diedrich, F, 'A Law of the Internet? Attempts to Regulate Electronic Commerce' [2000] 3 JILT.

38. Thompson, B, 'Damn the Constitution: Europe must take back the Web' Register 9 August 2002. See also 'Bill Thompson answers critics' Register 15 August 2002; Mueller, M, 'Who Owns the Internet? Ownership as a Legal Basis for American Control of the Internet' (SSRN, March 2004).

39. Rubin, H, Fraser, L and Smith, M, 'US and international law aspects of the Internet: Fitting square pegs into round holes' (1995) 3 IJLIT 117 (OUP).

40. See below, p 167.


41. See Convention on Cybercrime (signed at Budapest, November 2001). For discussion see Goodman, M and Brenner, S, 'The emerging consensus on criminal conduct in cyberspace' (2002) 10 IJLIT 139 (OUP); Hopkins, S, 'Cybercrime Convention: A Positive Beginning to a Long Road Ahead' (2003) 2 JHTL 101.

42. Garlick, M, 'Locking up the bridge on the digital divide' (2004) 20 SCCHTLJ 941 (Lexis).

43. For discussion see Stumphauzer, R, 'Electronic Impulses, Digital Signals, and Federal Jurisdiction' (2003) 56 Vand LR 277 (Lexis).

44. See especially Gonçalves, M, 'Technological change, globalization, and the Europeanization of rights' (2002) 16 IRLCT 301 (Taylor and Francis).

45. For discussion see Hörnle, J, 'The UK Perspective On The Country Of Origin Rule In The E-Commerce Directive' (2004) 12 IJLIT 333 (Lexis).

46. Goldsmith, J, 'Against Cyberanarchy' (1998) 65 Chi LR 1199 (Lexis); Ribstein, L and Kobayashi, B, 'State Regulation of Electronic Commerce' (2002) 51 Emory LJ 1 (Lexis).

47. Post, D, 'Against "Against Cyberanarchy"' (2002) 17 BTLJ 1365 (Lexis); Zekos, G, 'Internet or Electronic Technology: A Threat to State Sovereignty' [1999] 3 JILT.

48. See below, eg, p 155.

49. Below, p 163.


50. May, B, Chen, J and Wen, K, 'The differences of regulatory models and Internet regulation in the EU and the US' (2004) 13 ICTL 259 (Taylor and Francis).

51. See eg 'US reveals intellectual property blacklist' Register 4 May 2005.

52. For discussion see Cockfield, A, 'Transforming the Internet into a Taxable Forum' (2001) 85 Minn LR 1171 (Lexis); Basu, S, 'To Tax or Not to Tax? That is the question? Overview of Options in Consumption Taxation of E-Commerce' [2004] 1 JILT.


53. See eg 'Net regulation "still possible"' BBC News 27 January 2005.


54. Eg 'First people injected with ID chips, sales drive kicks off' Register 10 June 2002.

55. Below, p 113.

56. See e-conveyancing home page (Land Registry). For discussion see Perry, R, 'E-conveyancing: Problems ahead?' [2003] Conv (NS) 215 (Westlaw UK); Christensen, S, 'Electronic Land Dealings in Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom: Lessons for Australia' (2004) 11 E-Law 4.



Birnhack, M and Elkin-Koren, N, 'The Invisible Handshake: The Re-emergence of the State in the Digital Environment' (2003) 8 VJOLT 6.

Brenner, S, 'Toward a Criminal Law for Cyberspace: A New Model of Law Enforcement?' (2004) 30 RCTLJ 1 (Lexis).

Engel, C, 'The Role of Law in the Governance of the Internet' (SSRN, August 2002).


Giacomello, G, 'Who is Big Brother? National Governments and the Regulation of the Internet' (2000) 5 IJCLP.

Hughes, J, 'The Internet and the Persistence of Law' (2003) 44 BCLR 359 (Lexis).

Hunter, D, 'Cyberspace as Place and the Tragedy of the Digital Anticommons' (2003) 91 Calif LR 439 (Lexis).

Kesan, J, and Gallo, A, 'Optimizing Regulation of Electronic Commerce' (2004) 72 U Cinn LR 1497 (Lexis).

Mariotti, R, 'Cyberspace in Three Dimensions' (2005) 55 Syr LR 251 (Lexis).

Mayer-Schönberger, V, 'The Shape of Governance: Analyzing the World of Internet Regulation' (2003) 43 Va JIL 605 (Lexis).

Murray, A, 'Regulation and rights in networked space' (2003) 30 JLS 187 (Blackwell).

Reidenberg, J, 'Technology and Internet Jurisdiction' (SSRN, March 2005).

Wagner, R, 'On software regulation' (2005) 78 So Calif LR 457 (Lexis).

Chapter 2